Is Sicca Syndrome Same as Sjogren’s Syndrome?
Sjogren’s Syndrome is an autoimmune disease that affects the function of moisture-producing glands (exocrine glands) such as those in oral cavity (salivary glands), eyes (lacrimal glands), skin (sweat glands). This often results in dryness in the affected areas. However, it is important to note that Sjogren’s Syndrome is a serious systemic disease and can affect multiple organs in the body, not only exocrine glands.
Sicca Syndrome (aka “sicca complex”) refers to the experience of dryness of exocrine glands when there is no autoimmune disease present.
So, while many Sjogren’s Syndrome experience Sicca Syndrome, not everyone with Sicca Syndrome has Sjogren’s Syndrome.
It is important to find the cause of one’s dryness as there can be many medical conditions, medications, habits etc. that can be the cause.
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